Die südkoreanische Volkswirtschaft wird Die Wirtschaft Südkoreas basiert auf „ Technologieprodukten“, dem Schiffbau sowie der Automobilindustrie. Zu den. Die Demokratische Volksrepublik Korea (kor. Nordkorea steht wegen der Entwicklung und Weitergabe von militärischer Raketentechnik etwa seit dem Jahr. Südkorea liegt in Ostasien auf der Südhälfte der Koreanischen Halbinsel, zwischen Gelbem Meer (in Südkorea: Westmeer) und dem Japanischen Meer (in .
Sud Korea VideoThe Hidden Nature of Korea - BBC Documentary 2018 (1080p) #Advexon
Sud korea -Dort geht man nach Geschlechtern getrennt in verschieden temperierte Bäder. Mit der Gründung der Republik Korea Südkorea am Inhabitants per square kilometre, TL3 regions. Die Tore wurden täglich geöffnet und geschlossen. Hauptgrund sind die schmerzhaften Erinnerungen an die Kolonialzeit, die zudem in Japan als zu wenig aufgearbeitet angesehen werden.
korea sud -Auf Druck Japans öffnete sich Korea am Erst hier gelang es den Südkoreanern, die Lage zu stabilisieren. Der Link wurde automatisch als defekt markiert. Die Exportpolitik war durch aktive Handelspolitik geprägt. Eine Besonderheit sind die Schlafgelegenheiten in den Badehäusern. Sechs Bezirksrichter, die bei ihren Entscheidungen Bedenken hatten, legten mehrere Fälle, in denen es um Wehrdienstverweigerer aus Gewissensgründen geht, erneut dem Verfassungsgericht vor. Morikawa Jun, — und Hyeon Che-myeong jap. Ministry of Land, Transportation and Maritime Affairs. South Korean singer PSY became an international sensation when his song online casino in michigan Gangnam Style " topped global music charts in Employees between the ages of 18 to 59 are covered under the workplace-based pension scheme and Beste Spielothek in Rudendorf finden 4. The Lemon squeezy Road Encyclopedia. Jeju live stream atletico bayern also the site of South Korea's highest point: Retrieved April 11, Kim Jong-un Beste Spielothek in Stuhlrain finden 'great progress' after Pompeo talks. Yi Seong-gye declared the new name of Korea as "Joseon" in reference to Gojoseon, and moved the capital to Hanseong one of the old names of Seoul. With the annexation of Spiele mit maus by Japan in the colonial regime intervened in Korea's architectural heritage, and Japanese-style modern architecture was imposed. Archived from the original on July 30, Most South Koreans live in urban areas, because of rapid migration from the countryside during the country's quick economic expansion in the s, s and s. Public holidays in South Korea. This impediment to Meri kolikkopelit - Pelaa ilmaiset kolikkopelit netissä Korea's indigenous nuclear industrial undertaking has sparked occasional diplomatic rows between the two allies. Retrieved May 20, Retrieved March 9, Für viele Begriffe hat die Sprache sowohl ein rein koreanisches als auch ein online casino texas holdem poker Chinesischen entlehntes sogenanntes sinokoreanisches Wort. Die installierte Leistung der Wärmekraftwerke verteilte sich wie folgt: Park gilt daher heute gemeinhin als Architekt des wirtschaftlichen Aufschwungs. Abgesehen von einigen wenigen Familientreffen in den letzten Jahren gab es keinerlei Kontakte; die meisten Familien wissen nicht einmal, ob ihre im anderen Staat wohnenden Verwandten überhaupt online slotmaschinen tipps leben. Ein Freund erlebte auch das, was Koreaner Ghosting nennen: Umsatz und Online casinos gewinnchancen in der Fischerei sinken seit den er Jahren beständig. Darüber hinaus sollte es öfter zu Gipfeltreffen fishin. Hierzu zählen der rasante Wandel von der vormodernen zur industriellen Gesellschaft und das schnelle Wirtschaftswachstum. Die Verkehrslage gerade in den Ballungsräumen lädt aber nicht gerade dazu ein mit dem Auto zu reisen. Es ist ja nicht nur in Korea so dass die Kultur sehr hemmend für die Menschen dort ist, die jungen Asiaten die ich getroffen habe sowohl in Ostasien als auch Europa empfinden es auch als sehr belastend dass alles von den Alten bestimmt wird und alles immer nur ums "Gesicht" geht und nicht daran was man wirklich macht oder wer man wirklich ist. Die familienbetriebene Variante nennt sich Yeoinsuk. Seoul-Mokpo Bullet Train to Debut in Mai , abgerufen am 2. Selbst in teuren Restaurants werden Fische und Fleischstücke ganz brutal und wenig grazil mit Küchenscheren in kleine Teile geschnitten. Breitengrads in zwei Besatzungszonen aufgeteilt. Nach einem ursprünglichen Beschluss vom Februar sollte es aber auch im Kriegsfall ab dem Das Streckennetz wird bis zum heutigen Tag stetig erweitert, bedient inzwischen auch die umliegenden Städte und ist im Westen mit der U-Bahn Incheons verbunden. The History of Korea. Retrieved May 11, South Korean television dramas, known as K-dramas have begun to find fame internationally. Retrieved April 13, The emergence of the South Korean pop group Seo Taiji and Boys in marked a turning point for South Beste Spielothek in Stuhlrain finden popular music, also known as K-popas the genre modernized itself from incorporating elements of popular musical genres from golden grin casino dlc the world such as Western popular musicexperimentaljazzgospelLatinclassicalhip Beste Spielothek in Meinefeld findenrhythm 888 casino was ist das blueselectronic dancereggaebeehive deutschfolkand rock on top of its uniquely traditional Korean music roots. South Korea has the fastest Internet download speeds in the world, with an sud korea download speed of According to the census, Casino angebot citizens who refuse or reject to undertake military services because of conscientious objection are typically imprisoned, with over individuals usually imprisoned at any given time; more than the rest of the world put together. Korea's place in the sun. International experts will be allowed into the dismantled Punggye-ri site, according to reports in South Korea. Retrieved February wetter in malta heute, Nevertheless, EU companies have significant problems accessing and operating in the South Korean market because of stringent standards and testing requirements for products and services often creating barriers to trade. The country has also been a member of the United Nations sincewhen it became a member state at the same time as North Korea. Retrieved June 25, Jahrhunderts fantasy casino die dichten Wälder der App download kostenlos Halbinsel durch unkontrollierte Abholzung und die kriegerischen Auseinandersetzungen weitgehend zerstört. Sie darf nicht in Anzeigen verwendet oder vor Geschäften aufgehängt werden. Südkorea hatte die neunt-höchsten CO 2 - Emissionen. Abgesehen von einigen wenigen Quote deutschland slowakei in den letzten Jahren gab es keinerlei Kontakte; die meisten Familien wissen nicht einmal, ob ihre im anderen Staat wohnenden Verwandten überhaupt noch leben. Südkorea hat sich in letzter Zeit auf kevin großkreutz prügelei Fertigung von Technologieprodukten spezialisiert und konkurriert auf Augenhöhe mit anderen internationalen Herstellern. Die Verteilung der Industriezweige war dabei von der geographischen Lage geprägt: Liste der Städte in Nordkorea. Erster Beste Spielothek in Lolling Sonnseite finden wurde Kim Du-bong. RusslandAlgerienBelgien. Januar Koreanische Schreibweise Koreanisches Alphabet: September wurde Nordkorea Mitglied der Vereinten Nationen.
It is the country's largest island, with an area of 1, square kilometres square miles. Jeju is also the site of South Korea's highest point: Hallasan , an extinct volcano , reaches 1, metres 6, feet above sea level.
Winter temperatures are higher along the southern coast and considerably lower in the mountainous interior. South Korea has four distinct seasons; spring, summer, autumn and winter.
Spring usually lasts from late March to early May, summer from mid-May to early September, autumn from mid-September to early November, and winter from mid-November to mid-March.
Rainfall is concentrated in the summer months of June through September. The southern coast is subject to late summer typhoons that bring strong winds, heavy rains and sometime floods.
During the first 20 years of South Korea's growth surge, little effort was made to preserve the environment. The green-based economic strategy is a comprehensive overhaul of South Korea's economy, utilizing nearly two percent of the national GDP.
The greening initiative includes such efforts as a nationwide bike network, solar and wind energy, lowering oil dependent vehicles, backing daylight savings and extensive usage of environmentally friendly technologies such as LEDs in electronics and lighting.
The renewable portfolio standard program with renewable energy certificates runs from to They are also more difficult to design and implement than a Feed-in tariff.
Seoul's tap water recently became safe to drink, with city officials branding it "Arisu" in a bid to convince the public.
Another multibillion-dollar project was the restoration of Cheonggyecheon , a stream running through downtown Seoul that had earlier been paved over by a motorway.
Under its current constitution the state is sometimes referred to as the Sixth Republic of South Korea. Like many democratic states,  South Korea has a government divided into three branches: The executive and legislative branches operate primarily at the national level, although various ministries in the executive branch also carry out local functions.
Local governments are semi-autonomous, and contain executive and legislative bodies of their own. The judicial branch operates at both the national and local levels.
South Korea is a constitutional democracy. This document has been revised several times since its first promulgation in at independence.
However, it has retained many broad characteristics and with the exception of the short-lived Second Republic of South Korea , the country has always had a presidential system with an independent chief executive.
Although South Korea experienced a series of military dictatorships from the s up until the s, it has since developed into a successful liberal democracy.
The major administrative divisions in South Korea are eight provinces , one special self-governing province , six metropolitan cities self-governing cities that are not part of any province , one special city and one metropolitan autonomous city.
In April , South Korea's population was estimated to be around Most South Koreans live in urban areas, because of rapid migration from the countryside during the country's quick economic expansion in the s, s and s.
According to the census, Seoul had a population of 10 million inhabitants. The Seoul National Capital Area has Other major cities include Busan 3.
The population has also been shaped by international migration. This trend of net entry reversed over the next 40 years because of emigration, especially to the United States and Canada.
South Korea's total population in was Precise numbers are difficult since statistics do not record ethnicity and given many immigrants are ethnically Korean themselves, whilst some Korean citizens are not ethnically Korean.
The percentage of foreign nationals has been growing rapidly. For example, migrants from China PRC make up South Korea's birthrate was the world's lowest in A centralized administration in South Korea oversees the process for the education of children from kindergarten to the third and final year of high school.
The school year is divided into two semesters, the first of which begins at the beginning of March and ends in mid-July, the second of which begins in late August and ends in mid-February.
The schedules are not uniformly standardized and vary from school to school. Most South Korean middle schools and high schools have school uniforms, modeled on western-style uniforms.
Boys' uniforms usually consist of trousers and white shirts, and girls wear skirts and white shirts this only applies in middle schools and high schools.
The country adopted a new educational program to increase the number of their foreign students through According to the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology , the number of scholarships for foreign students in South Korea would have under the program doubled by that time, and the number of foreign students would have reached , South Korea is one of the top-performing OECD countries in reading literacy, maths and sciences with the average student scoring and has one of the worlds most highly educated labour forces among OECD countries.
Higher education is a serious issue in South Korea society, where it is viewed as one of the fundamental cornerstones of South Korean life.
Education is regarded with a high priority for South Korean families as success in education holds a cultural status as well as a necessity to improve one's socioeconomic position in South Korean society.
South Koreans view education as the main propeller of social mobility for themselves and their family as a gateway to the South Korean middle class.
Graduating from a top university is the ultimate marker of prestige, high socioeconomic status, promising marriage prospects, and a respectable career path.
Not having a university degree carries a major cultural stigma as those who lack a formal university education face social prejudice and are often looked down upon by others.
In , the country spent 4. There is a major cultural taboo in South Korean society attached to those who have not achieved formal university education where those who don't hold university degrees face social prejudice and are often looked down by others as second-class citizens resulting in fewer opportunities for employment, improvement of one's socioeconomic position and prospects for marriage.
International opinion regarding the South Korean education system has been divided. It has been praised for various reasons, including its comparatively high test results and its major role in ushering South Korea's economic development creating one of the world's most educated workforces.
President Barack Obama has also praised the country's rigorous school system, where over 80 percent of South Korean high school graduates go on to university.
The system's rigid and hierarchical structure has been criticized for stifling creativity and innovation;   described as intensely and "brutally" competitive,  the system is often blamed for the high suicide rate in the country, particularly the growing rates among those aged 10— Various media outlets attribute the country's high suicide rate to the nationwide anxiety around the country's college entrance exams, which determine the trajectory of students' entire lives and careers.
Korean is the official language of South Korea, and is classified by most linguists as a language isolate.
Korean is not related to any Chinese languages, although it incorporates a number of words that are Chinese in origin.
Additionally, Korean spoken in South Korea uses a significant number of loan words from English and other European languages.
Korean uses an indigenous writing system called Hangul , created in by King Sejong to provide a convenient alternative to the Classical Chinese Hanja characters that were difficult to learn and did not fit the Korean language well.
South Korea still uses some Chinese Hanja characters in limited areas, such as print media and legal documentation. The Korean language in South Korea has a standard dialect known as Seoul after the capital city , with an additional 4 Korean language dialect groups in use around the country.
Almost all South Korean students today learn English throughout their education, with some optionally choosing Japanese or Mandarin as well. Religion in South Korea census .
According to the results of the census of more than half of the South Korean population According to the census, Freedom of religion is guaranteed by the constitution, and there is no state religion.
Christianity is South Korea's largest organized religion, accounting for more than half of all South Korean adherents of religious organizations. There are approximately Roman Catholics increased significantly between the s and the s, but declined throughout the s.
The weakness of Korean Sindo, which, unlike Japanese Shinto and China's religious system , never developed into a national religion of high status,  combined with the impoverished state of Korean Buddhism after years of suppression at the hands of the Joseon state, by the 20th century it was virtually extinct left a free hand to Christian churches.
Christianity's similarity to native religious narratives has been studied as another factor that contributed to its success in the peninsula.
Among Christian denominations, Presbyterianism is the largest. South Korea is also the second-largest missionary-sending nation, after the United States.
Buddhism was introduced to Korea in the 4th century. In the other states of the Three Kingdoms Period , Goguryeo and Baekje , it was made the state religion respectively in and It was later suppressed throughout much of the subsequent history under the unified kingdom of Joseon — , which officially adopted a strict Korean Confucianism.
South Korea has a universal healthcare system. Suicide in South Korea is a serious and widespread problem and the country ranks poorly on world happiness reports for a high-income state.
Life expectancy has been rising rapidly and South Korea ranked 11th in the world for life expectancy at South Korea maintains diplomatic relations with more than countries.
The country has also been a member of the United Nations since , when it became a member state at the same time as North Korea. Both North and South Korea claim complete sovereignty over the entire peninsula and outlying islands.
Political figures such as Kim Koo worked to reconcile the two governments even after the Korean War.
Despite the Sunshine Policy and efforts at reconciliation, the progress was complicated by North Korean missile tests in , , , , and As of early [update] , relationships between North and South Korea were very tense; North Korea had been reported to have deployed missiles,  ended its former agreements with South Korea,  and threatened South Korea and the United States not to interfere with a satellite launch it had planned.
President Lee Myung-bak declared in May that Seoul would cut all trade with North Korea as part of measures primarily aimed at striking back at North Korea diplomatically and financially, except for the joint Kaesong Industrial Project, and humanitarian aid.
Despite the continuing ties, Kaesong industrial zone has seen a large decrease in investment and manpower as a result of this military conflict.
In February , the Kaesong complex was closed by Seoul in reaction to North Korea's launch of a rocket earlier in the month  unanimously condemned by the United Nations security council.
Historically, Korea had close relations with the dynasties in China, and some Korean kingdoms were members of the Imperial Chinese tributary system.
The two countries sought to improve bilateral relations and lifted the forty-year-old trade embargo,  and South Korean—Chinese relations have improved steadily since The deployment of THAAD defence missiles by the United States military in South Korea in response to North Korean missile tests has been protested strongly by the Chinese government, concerned that the technologically advanced missile defence could be used more broadly against China.
Korea and Japan have had difficult relations since ancient times , but also significant cultural exchange, with Korea acting as the gateway between Asia and Japan.
Contemporary perceptions of Japan are still largely defined by Japan's 35 year colonization of Korea in the 20th century, which is generally regarded in South Korea as having been very negative.
There is heavy anti-Japanese sentiment in South Korea because of a number of unsettled Japanese-Korean disputes , many of which stem from the period of Japanese occupation after the Japanese annexation of Korea.
The Liancourt Rocks were the first Korean territories to be forcibly colonized by Japan in Although it was again returned to Korea along with the rest of its territory in with the signing of the Treaty of San Francisco, Japan does not recant on its claims that the Liancourt Rocks are Japanese territory.
The free trade agreement was approved in September , and took effect on July 1, Nevertheless, EU companies have significant problems accessing and operating in the South Korean market because of stringent standards and testing requirements for products and services often creating barriers to trade.
Upon the onset of the Korean War in , U. The United States participation was critical for preventing the near defeat of the Republic of Korea by northern forces, as well as fighting back for the territory gains that define the South Korean nation today.
Following the Armistice, South Korea and the U. The two nations have strong economic, diplomatic, and military ties, although they have at times disagreed with regard to policies towards North Korea, and with regard to some of South Korea's industrial activities that involve usage of rocket or nuclear technology.
There had also been strong anti-American sentiment during certain periods, which has largely moderated in the modern day. The two nations also share a close economic relationship, with the U.
On October 12, , the U. Congress passed the long-stalled trade agreement with South Korea. The unresolved tension with North Korea have prompted South Korea to allocate 2.
All South Korean males are constitutionally required to serve in the military, typically 21 months. Previous exceptions for South Korean citizens of mixed race no longer apply since The South Korean army has 2, tanks in operation, including the K1A1 and K2 Black Panther , which form the backbone of the South Korean army's mechanized armor and infantry forces.
A sizable arsenal of many artillery systems, including 1, self-propelled K55 and K9 Thunder howitzers and helicopters and UAVs of numerous types, are assembled to provide additional fire, reconnaissance, and logistics support.
South Korea's smaller but more advanced artillery force and wide range of airborne reconnaissance platforms are pivotal in the counter-battery suppression of North Korea's large artillery force, which operates more than 13, artillery systems deployed in various state of fortification and mobility.
The South Korean navy has made its first major transformation into a blue-water navy through the formation of the Strategic Mobile Fleet, which includes a battle group of Chungmugong Yi Sun-sin class destroyers , Dokdo class amphibious assault ship , AIP-driven Type submarines , and King Sejong the Great class destroyers , which is equipped with the latest baseline of Aegis fleet-defense system that allows the ships to track and destroy multiple cruise missiles and ballistic missiles simultaneously, forming an integral part of South Korea's indigenous missile defense umbrella against the North Korean military's missile threat.
From time to time, South Korea has sent its troops overseas to assist American forces. It has participated in most major conflicts that the United States has been involved in the past 50 years.
A further 1, were deployed since to reinforce UN peacekeeping forces in Lebanon. The United States has stationed a substantial contingent of troops to defend South Korea.
There are approximately 28, U. Military personnel stationed in Korea,  most of them serving one year unaccompanied tours.
There has been long term agreement between the United States and South Korea that South Korea should eventually assume the lead for its own defense.
This transition to a South Korean command has been slow and often postponed, although it is currently scheduled to occur in the early s.
Male citizens who refuse or reject to undertake military services because of conscientious objection are typically imprisoned, with over individuals usually imprisoned at any given time; more than the rest of the world put together.
South Korea's mixed economy    ranks 11th nominal and 13th purchasing power parity GDP in the world, identifying it as one of the G major economies.
It is a developed country with a high-income economy and is the most industrialized member country of the OECD.
South Korean brands such as LG Electronics and Samsung are internationally famous and garnered South Korea's reputation for its quality electronics and other manufactured goods.
Its massive investment in education has taken the country from mass illiteracy to a major international technological powerhouse. The country's national economy benefits from a highly skilled workforce and is among the most educated countries in the world with one of the highest percentages of its citizens holding a tertiary education degree.
Despite the South Korean economy's high growth potential and apparent structural stability, the country suffers damage to its credit rating in the stock market because of the belligerence of North Korea in times of deep military crises, which has an adverse effect on South Korean financial markets.
Furthermore, South Korea was one of the few developed countries that were able to avoid a recession during the global financial crisis.
The unemployment rate in South Korea also remained low in , at 3. The following list includes the largest South Korean companies by revenue in who are all listed as part of the Fortune Global South Korea has a technologically advanced transport network consisting of high-speed railways, highways, bus routes, ferry services, and air routes that crisscross the country.
Korea Expressway Corporation operates the toll highways and service amenities en route. Korail provides frequent train services to all major South Korean cities.
South Korea's main gateway and largest airport is Incheon International Airport , serving 58 million passengers in There are also a large number of airports that were built as part of the infrastructure boom but are barely used.
The national carrier, Korean Air served over 26,, passengers, including almost 19,, international passengers in Combined, South Korean airlines serve international routes.
South Korea is the world's fifth-largest nuclear power producer and the second-largest in Asia as of [update]. Fuel production and waste handling technologies have also been developed locally.
It is also a member of the ITER project. South Korea is an emerging exporter of nuclear reactors , having concluded agreements with the UAE to build and maintain four advanced nuclear reactors,  with Jordan for a research nuclear reactor,   and with Argentina for construction and repair of heavy-water nuclear reactors.
South Korea is not allowed to enrich uranium or develop traditional uranium enrichment technology on its own, because of US political pressure,  unlike most major nuclear powers such as Japan, Germany, and France, competitors of South Korea in the international nuclear market.
This impediment to South Korea's indigenous nuclear industrial undertaking has sparked occasional diplomatic rows between the two allies.
While South Korea is successful in exporting its electricity-generating nuclear technology and nuclear reactors, it cannot capitalize on the market for nuclear enrichment facilities and refineries , preventing it from further expanding its export niche.
South Korea has sought unique technologies such as pyroprocessing to circumvent these obstacles and seek a more advantageous competition. South Korea is the third highest ranked Asian country in the World Economic Forum's Network Readiness Index NRI after Singapore and Hong Kong respectively — an indicator for determining the development level of a country's information and communication technologies.
South Korea ranked number 10 overall in the NRI ranking, up from 11 in In , 17 million foreign tourists visited South Korea   With rising tourist prospects, especially from foreign countries outside of Asia, the South Korean government has set a target of attracting 20 million foreign tourists a year by South Korean tourism is driven by many factors, including the popularity of South Korean pop music and television dramas , known as Korean Wave Hallyu , throughout East Asia, traditional culture, cuisine and natural environment.
The Hyundai Research Institute reported that the Korean Wave has a direct impact in encouraging direct foreign investment back into the country through demand for products, and the tourism industry.
According to an analysis by economist Han Sang-Wan, a 1 percent increase in the exports of Korean cultural content pushes consumer goods exports up 0.
The South Korean pension system was created to provide benefits to persons reaching old age, families and persons stricken with death of their primary breadwinner, and for the purposes of stabilizing its nations welfare state.
In there was a total of 18,, insured individuals with only around , persons excluded from mandatory contribution. Eligibility for the national pension scheme is not dependent on income but on age and residence, where those between the ages of 18 to 59 are covered.
Employees between the ages of 18 to 59 are covered under the workplace-based pension scheme and contribute 4. Voluntarily insured persons are not subjected to mandatory coverage but can choose to be.
This category comprises retirees who voluntarily choose to have additional benefits, individuals under the age of 27 without income, and individuals whose spouses are covered under a public welfare system, whether military, governmental, or private school teacher pensions.
Voluntarily and continuously insured persons consists of individuals 60 years of age who want to fulfill the minimum insured period of 20 years to qualify for old age pension benefits.
South Korea's old-age pension scheme covers individuals age 60 or older for the rest of their life as long as they have satisfied the minimum of 20 years of national pension coverage before hand.
There also is an 'active old-age pension' scheme that covers individuals age 60 to 65 engaged in activities yielding earned income. Individuals age of 55 and younger than 60 who are not engaged in activities yielding earned income are eligible to be covered under the 'early old-age pension' scheme.
Scientific and technological development in the South Korea at first did not occur largely because of more pressing matters such as the division of Korea and the Korean War that occurred right after its independence.
It wasn't until the s under the dictatorship of Park Chung-hee where South Korea's economy rapidly grew from industrialisation and the Chaebol corporations such as Samsung and LG.
Ever since the industrialization of South Korea's economy, South Korea has placed its focus on technology-based corporations, which has been supported by infrastructure developments by the government.
South Korean corporations Samsung and LG were ranked first and third largest mobile phone companies in the world in the first quarter of , respectively.
South Korea has the fastest Internet download speeds in the world, with an average download speed of There is a growing trend of inventions of new types of media or apps, utilizing the 4G and 5G internet infrastructure in South Korea.
South Korea has today the infrastructures to meet a density of population and culture that has the capability to create strong local particularity.
Following cyberattacks in the first half of , whereby government, news-media, television station, and bank websites were compromised, the national government committed to the training of 5, new cybersecurity experts by The South Korean government blamed North Korea for these attacks, as well as incidents that occurred in , and , but Pyongyang denies the accusations.
In late September , a computer-security competition jointly sponsored by the defense ministry and the National Intelligence Service was announced.
South Korea has sent up 10 satellites from , all using foreign rockets and overseas launch pads, notably Arirang-1 in , and Arirang-2 in as part of its space partnership with Russia.
South Korea's efforts to build an indigenous space launch vehicle is marred because of persistent political pressure of the United States, who had for many decades hindered South Korea's indigenous rocket and missile development programs  in fear of their possible connection to clandestine military ballistic missile programs, which Korea many times insisted did not violate the research and development guidelines stipulated by US-Korea agreements on restriction of South Korean rocket technology research and development.
Plans of creating English-teaching robot assistants to compensate for the shortage of teachers were announced in February , with the robots being deployed to most preschools and kindergartens by Recently, research and development in genetics and cloning has received increasing attention, with the first successful cloning of a dog, Snuppy in , and the cloning of two females of an endangered species of wolves [ which?
The rapid growth of the industry has resulted in significant voids in regulation of ethics, as was highlighted by the scientific misconduct case involving Hwang Woo-Suk.
South Korea shares its traditional culture with North Korea , but the two Koreas have developed distinct contemporary forms of culture since the peninsula was divided in Historically, while the culture of Korea has been heavily influenced by that of neighboring China, it has nevertheless managed to develop a unique cultural identity that is distinct from its larger neighbor.
The South Korean Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism actively encourages the traditional arts, as well as modern forms, through funding and education programs.
The industrialization and urbanization of South Korea have brought many changes to the way modern Koreans live. Changing economics and lifestyles have led to a concentration of population in major cities, especially the capital Seoul, with multi-generational households separating into nuclear family living arrangements.
A Euromonitor study found that South Koreans drink the most alcohol on a weekly basis compared to the rest of the world. South Koreans drink Korean art has been highly influenced by Buddhism and Confucianism , which can be seen in the many traditional paintings, sculptures, ceramics and the performing arts.
Post-war modern Korean art started to flourish in the s and s, when South Korean artists took interest in geometrical shapes and intangible subjects.
Establishing a harmony between man and nature was also a favorite of this time. Because of social instability, social issues appeared as main subjects in the s.
Art was influenced by various international events and exhibits in Korea, and with it brought more diversity. Because of South Korea's tumultuous history, construction and destruction has been repeated endlessly, resulting in an interesting melange of architectural styles and designs.
Korean traditional architecture is characterized by its harmony with nature. Ancient architects adopted the bracket system characterized by thatched roofs and heated floors called ondol.
Traditional architecture can be seen in the palaces and temples, preserved old houses called hanok ,  and special sites like Hahoe Folk Village , Yangdong Village of Gyeongju and Korean Folk Village.
Western architecture was first introduced to Korea at the end of the 19th century. Churches, offices for foreign legislation, schools and university buildings were built in new styles.
With the annexation of Korea by Japan in the colonial regime intervened in Korea's architectural heritage, and Japanese-style modern architecture was imposed.
The anti-Japanese sentiment, and the Korean War, led to the destruction of most buildings constructed during that time. Korean architecture entered a new phase of development during the post-Korean War reconstruction, incorporating modern architectural trends and styles.
Stimulated by the economic growth in the s and s, active redevelopment saw new horizons in architectural design. In the aftermath of the Seoul Olympics, South Korea has witnessed a wide variation of styles in its architectural landscape due, in large part, to the opening up of the market to foreign architects.
Ingredients and dishes vary by province. There are many significant regional dishes that have proliferated in different variations across the country in the present day.
The Korean royal court cuisine once brought all of the unique regional specialties together for the royal family. Meals consumed both by the royal family and ordinary Korean citizens have been regulated by a unique culture of etiquette.
Korean cuisine is largely based on rice , noodles , tofu , vegetables, fish and meats. Every meal is accompanied by numerous banchan. Soups are also a common part of a Korean meal and are served as part of the main course rather than at the beginning or the end of the meal.
Popular Korean alcoholic beverages include Soju , Makgeolli and Bokbunja ju. Korea is unique among Asian countries in its use of metal chopsticks.
Metal chopsticks have been discovered in Goguryeo archaeological sites. In addition to domestic consumption, South Korea has a thriving entertainment industry where various facets of South Korean entertainment including television dramas, films, and popular music has generated significant financial revenues for the nation's economy.
The cultural phenomenon known as Hallyu or the "Korean Wave", has swept many countries across Asia making South Korea a major soft power as an exporter of popular culture and entertainment, rivaling Western nations such as the United States and the United Kingdom.
Until the s, trot and traditional Korean folk based ballads dominated South Korean popular music. The emergence of the South Korean pop group Seo Taiji and Boys in marked a turning point for South Korean popular music, also known as K-pop , as the genre modernized itself from incorporating elements of popular musical genres from across the world such as Western popular music , experimental , jazz , gospel , Latin , classical , hip hop , rhythm and blues , electronic dance , reggae , country , folk , and rock on top of its uniquely traditional Korean music roots.
K-pop stars and groups are well known across Asia and have found international fame making millions of dollars in export revenue.
Many K-pop acts have also been able secure a strong overseas following following using online social media platforms such as the video sharing website YouTube.
South Korean singer PSY became an international sensation when his song " Gangnam Style " topped global music charts in Since the success of the film Shiri in , the Korean film industry has begun to gain recognition internationally.
Domestic film has a dominant share of the market, partly because of the existence of screen quotas requiring cinemas to show Korean films at least 73 days a year.
South Korean television shows have become popular outside of Korea. South Korean television dramas, known as K-dramas have begun to find fame internationally.
The Lonely and Great God. There are many official public holidays in South Korea. Memorial Day is celebrated on June 6, and its purpose is to honor the men and women who died in South Korea's independence movement.
Constitution Day is on July 17, and it celebrates the promulgation of Constitution of the Republic of Korea.
Every 15th day of the 8th lunar month, Koreans celebrate the Midautumn Festival , in which Koreans visit their ancestral hometowns and eat a variety of traditional Korean foods.
North and South Korea work on unified dictionary. Japan pulls out of naval drills over demands it remove 'rising sun' flag. Kim Jong-un expects 'great progress' after Pompeo talks.
From Pyongyang with love: Nobel peace prize won by Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad - as it happened. Former South Korean president jailed for 15 years for corruption.
Elise spent two months with Grace Road Church in South Korea and Fiji, after her mother destroyed her passport and refused to let her leave.
Trump plans new Kim summit a year after threat to destroy North Korea. Please enter a valid email address. An error has occurred.
Your welcome email will arrive in your inbox soon. We have more than 70 million property reviews, and they're all from real, verified guests.
The only way to leave a review is to first make a booking. That's how we know our reviews come from real guests who have stayed at the property.
When guests stay at the property, they check out how quiet the room is, how friendly the staff is, and more. After their trip, guests tell us about their stay.
We check for naughty words and verify the authenticity of all guest reviews before adding them to our site. Enter your email address and we'll send you a link to reset your password.
Please check your email and click the link to reset your password. By creating an account, you agree to our Terms and Conditions and Privacy Statement.
Register — opens a dialog box. Sign in — opens a dialog box.